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雅思阅读配对题解析

作者: 2020-09-02 10:53 来源:宁波编辑
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雅思阅读的匹配题,是属于阅读中的一座大山,也是很多同学的拦路虎,主要的问题可能大家都觉得这个题没啥规律可寻,或者技巧性不是特别强。

对于匹配题,和经常做到的段落中心题- List ofheading,也就是选标题配对的这个题型,一定不能搞混,因为这两个题型的考查本质是完全不一样的。

雅思阅读配对题解析


首先,关于配对题的类型,可以大致分为4类:

人名观点匹配

Questions 18-20

Look at the following research findings (Questions 18- 20) and the list of researchers below.

Match each research finding with the correct researcher, A- F.

Write the correct letter, A- F, in boxes 18- 20 on yo ur answer sheet.

.18  People are more trusting when affected by oxytocin.

.19  Oxytocin increases people’s feelings of jealousy.

.20  The effect of oxytocin varies from one type of person to another. 

List of Researchers

  1. Markus Heinrichs

  2. Simone Shamay- Tsoory

  3. Jennifer Bartz

  4. Carolyn DeClerck

  5. Carsten De Dreu

  6. Sue Carter

句首句尾匹配

Questions 32-37

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A- G below. Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 32-37 on your answer sheet

.32. Simon Colton says it is important to consider the long- term view when David Cope's EMI software surprised people by

.33. Geraint Wiggins criticised Cope for not

.34. Douglas Hofstadter claimed that EMI was        .35.Audiences who had listened to EMI's music became angry after

.36.The participants in David Moffat's study had to assess music without 

.37. The participants in David Moffat's study had to assess music without

List of Ideas

  1. generating work that was virtually indistinguishable from that of humans.

  2. knowing whether it was the work of humans or software.

  3. producing work entirely dependent on the imagination of its creator.

  4. comparing the artistic achievements of humans and computers.

  5. revealing the technical details of his program.

  6. persuading the public to appreciate computer art.

  7. discovering that it was the product of a computer program.

段落信息匹配

Questions 14-17

Reading Passage 2 has six paragraphs, A- F.Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

.14  reference to research showing the beneficial effects of oxytocin on people

.15  reasons why the effects of oxytocin are complex

.16  mention of a period in which oxytocin attracted little scientific attention

.17  reference to people ignoring certain aspects of their research data

特殊匹配(信息分类)

Questions 32-37

Look at the following statements (Questions 32-37) and the list of companies below.

Match each statement with the correct company, A, B, CorD.

Write the correct letter, A, B, C orD, in boxes 32- 37 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

.32It turned the notion that its products could have harmful effects to its own advantage.

.33It extended its offering by collaborating with another manufacturer.

.34It implemented an incentive scheme to demonstrate its corporate social responsibility.

.35It discovered that customers had a positive attitude towards dealing with difficult circum stances.

.36It responded to a growing lifestyle trend in an unrelated product sector.

.37It successfully avoided having to charge its customers less for its core products.

List of companies

.A  Coach

.B  Tesco

.C  Nike

.D  iToys

 我们先从人名观点匹配来看

这个题型的解题步骤也相对简单,但是同样有些细节需要注意:

① 首先看题目要求,有无 NB  You may use any letter more than once.

如有,注意有选项基本上是要进行重复使用。


② 快速过题干的观点,时间紧的情况下,划出一些关键词辅助理解。


按原文中的人名顺序依次往下找,记住,尽量不要用选项给的A B C D E 这个顺序找,因为可能会出现乱序。


④ 找到之后,对原文中的人名的观点进行解读,中间肯定会考查到同义替换;同时,理解的时候,不是所有题就是看特定的一个句子,有时会出现例子等,同样要看完整。

例如:C10T4P2  Second Nature

题干:22. It is possible to overcome shyness when faced with the need to  speak in public.

根据原文人名顺序往后找的原则,找到B段有人出现:Christopher Peterson

B:  ‘The evidence is good that most personality traits can be altered,’ says Christopher Peterson, professor of psychology at the University of Michigan, who cites himself as an example. Inherently introverted, he realised early on that as an academic, his reticence would prove disastrous in the lecture hall. So he learned to be more outgoing and to entertain his classes. ‘Now my extroverted behaviour is spontaneous,’ he says.

解析:

这个时候,如果你只关注Christopher Peterson 讲的话 ‘The evidence is good that most personality traits can be altered” 和题干信息It is possible to overcome shyness when faced with the need to  speak in public. 并无直接的对应点。


这个时候如果你再往后找,就出现了具体的例子,而这个例子中,讲的正好是克服害羞的一件事,inherently introverted, reticence 等词,都体现出了和 shyness 的同义替换,最后提到了extroverted behavior, 这样才能和题干中的to overcome shyness 可以匹配起来。

而如果你问,那刚刚这些关键词,inherently introverted, reticence, extroverted, 不认识怎么办? 对于解这个题,还是有办法的,当然,前提是outgoing 这个词一定要认识了,现在外向的,说明之前就是内向,反推即可。那有同学说,我这个词还不认识怎么办? 当然也有办法,先把你的基础词汇打扎实了,阅读最基础,最重要,也是最核心的就是词汇。

句首句尾匹配题

这是配对类型中相对有顺序的一个题型,整体分布的位置也相对较为集中。

1.读题干,理解意思(题干信息同样会出现同义替换)

2.注意题干中的一些特殊词,可以辅助具体定位

3.回原文,找到题干中的信息,理解前后意思

4.回选项,根据刚才原文中的信息,找到选项的同义替换。

定位的基本原则就是多点定位,一定不要看一题做一题,很容易忽略后面的信息。

特殊匹配(信息分类)

可能会考查到时间,地点,或者一些普通词, 同时注意也会有N.B. 的情况出现。

解题步骤整体和人名观点比较类似:

①   定位:看选项/题干

②   理解题干/选项意思

③   回原文,找对应

④   回选项,找同义替换

段落信息匹配

是属于匹配题里面最难的一类,没有顺序,全文找细节。

解题步骤:

1.浏览全部题干信息

2.利用借题解题原则,缩小搜寻范围(这个方法比较好用,可以提前解出一部分的题目)

3.找其中有对应信息的题干,先解决

4.再找还未找到的题干,只能全文找

注意点:放最后解,细节意思对应,而不是单纯的关键词的对应,另外,也会有出现N.B. 情况(C13T3P3 较为特殊,出现了N.B. 但是没有出现重复)

做题还是需要回归到每个题型的本质,当然,前面提到过,肯定离不开基本的词汇,再结合题目中经常会考查到的同义替换,加强对其的敏感度。唯有踏实备考,才能突破自我,不要想着我可不可以不背单词,就利用一些纯技巧,来提升阅读分数。这个可能是有的,只不过就看你的运气了。就这几年的教学下来,得出了一个浅显易懂的道理,那就是没有一定的基础之下,想要通过单纯的技巧做题,那还是非常困难的。最后,希望大家通过不懈的努力,都能取得理想的分数,在学习中成长,成就最好的自己。

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