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新航道名师解说|雅思阅读填空避坑指南

作者: 2021-04-22 11:38 来源:宁波编辑
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填空是雅思阅读最常见,也最需拿分题型。但在积累数百份样本后,发现如下误区会阻碍同学高效得分。“如果我知道我会死在哪,就不去那”。以下供参考。

1

【一】瞻前不顾后

填空题,完整读题,才更易找准目标,明确原文要读什么,什么重要,什么不重要。考试时因为心急,部分同学题读一半,就会忙着寻答案,错过空格后重要定位信息,结果找到原文仍不知道答案是谁,又来读题,又慢又易出错。

剑13,test1, 24题

For John Eastwood, the central feature of boredom is that people cannot 24 __________ , due to a failure in what he calls the 'attention system', and as a result they become frustrated and irritable.

分析

很多同学第一反应找人名John Eastwood,根据John Eastwood到D段,Eastwood共出现了3次。此时会面临难以确定具体出题句问题。稍好些会读到空格前cannot,想到cannot后应填动词。但空格后信息‘attention system’常易被心急的同学忽视,其实单引号内容原文几乎一定重现。结合空格后出现的‘attention system’,frustrated and irritable,我们会发现,原文22页:

For Eastwood, the central feature of boredom is a failure to put our 'attention system' into gear. This causes an inability to focus on anything, which makes time seem to go painfully slowly. What's more, your efforts to improve the situation can end up making you feel worse. 'People try to connect with the world and if they are not successful there's that frustration and irritability, 'he says.

24题空格前的Eastwood出现了,空格后‘attention system’,frustrated and irritable对应frustration and irritability也出现了,答案应在这些信息之间。我们注意24空前单词cannot,与原文 inability to不能意思接近,所以24题填inability to后动词focus。

【二】划词不理解

对雅思有一定了解同学,都知道定位重要性(根据题目定位词找原文出题句),因此在读题时,会划很多定位词。实际发现很多同学划定位词后,却忘了更本质,理解题目题意。

以剑13,test2,Oxytocin,26题为例。

Meanwhile, research at the University of Amsterdam revealed that people who have been given oxytocin consider 26 __________ that are familiar to them in their own country to have more positive associations than those from other cultures.

分析

大多数同学读题后易划出 University of Amsterdam ,own country,other cultures等词。但如仅按这些词回原文找,我们会看到原文:

University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands discovered that volunteers given oxytocin showed favouritism: Dutch men became quicker to associate positive words with Dutch names than with foreign ones, for example.

University of Amsterdam 出现了,而own country,other cultures并未直接出现。这时仍用定位法来回上下找吗?继续这么做,可能因为没出现剩下的定位词,产生焦虑,在找中浪费时间。此时我们应做是,再仔细读一遍题,理解题目题意。

Research at the University of Amsterdam revealed that people who have been given oxytocin consider 26 __________ that are familiar to them in their own country to have more positive associations than those from other cultures. 

题意:  Amsterdam大学研究揭示,人们被给予oxytocin催产素后,会认为在他们自己国家他们所熟悉的(某事物),会比来自其他文化的同类事物,产生更多积极联系。读懂题后,再读原文:

University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands discover that volunteers given oxytocin showed favouritism: Dutch men became quicker to associate positive wordswith Dutch names than with foreign ones, for example.

Dutch men associate positive words with Dutch names 对荷兰人而言,荷兰名字是不是比外国名字更 familiar to them呢?所以答案是否就填names呢。

2

【三】困在定位句

定位是有用技巧,但剑桥官方从未说答案只能出现在定位句,把答案局限在定位句里,是固步自封的做法。更多填空在结合上下文出题,定位句没出现答案时,赶紧往下读。

剑13,test3, 35题

Petrie and Singh'steam are using archaeological records to look at 35 __________from five millennia ago, in order to know whether people had adapted their agricultural practices to changing climatic conditions.

分析

本题定位词Petrie and Singh's teamarchaeological records ,five millennia ago很好找。回到原文:

G Petrie and Singh's team is now examining archaeological records and trying to understand details of how people led their lives in the region five millennia ago.

考虑完整读题,理解题意,我们发现题中后半段信息adapted their agricultural practices to changing climatic   conditions定位句中并未出现。


这时怎么办?继续往下读原文,下一句我们看到:

They are analysing grains cultivated at the time, and trying to work out whether they were grown under extreme conditions of water stress, and whether they were adjusting the combinations of crops they were growing for different weather systems. 

题目:adapted their agricultural practices to changing climatic conditions / 原文:adjusting the combinations of crops they were growing for different weather systems.

调整他们的农业实践去适应变化的气候条件 / 调整他们种植农作物的组合适应不同天气系统,两者意思是否很接近?所以读了定位句后一句,我们才发现原文与题意完全对上。

原文: Petrie and Singh's team is now examining archaeological records and trying to understand details of how people led their lives in the region five millennia ago. They are analysing grains cultivated at the time, and trying to work out whether they were grown under extreme conditions of water stress, and whether they were adjusting the combinations of crops they were growing for different weather systems.


题目Petrie and Singh's team are using archaeological records to look at 35 __________from five millennia ago.


题意:Petrie and Singh的队伍用archaeological records考古学证据来自 five millennia ago五千年前,去look at___.  

原文:Petrie and Singh队伍now examining考察 archaeological  records ...... five millennia ago. They are analysing grains cultivated at the time.

题目look at 对应原文analysing,所以35题所看的考古学证据就是谷物grain。


以上就是希望大家填空中避开的坑,完整读题,理解题意,不怕读,才能做的快而准。祝大家进步。


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