Section I Use of English
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
The idea that plants have some degree of consciousness first took root in the early 2000s; the term "plant neurobiology" was __1__ around the notion that some aspects of plan behavior could be __2__ to intelligence in animals. __3__ plants lack brains, the firing of electrical signals in their stems and leaves nonetheless triggered responses that __4__ consciousness, researchers previously reported. But such an idea is untrue, according to a new opinion article. Plant biology is complex and fascinating, but it __5__ so greatly from that of animals that so-called __6__ of plants' intelligence is inconclusive, the authors wrote. Beginning in 2006, some scientists have __7__ that plants possess neuron-like cells that interact with hormones and neurotransmitters, __8__ "a plant nervous system, __9__ to that in animals," said lead study author Lincoln Taiz, "They __10__ claimed that plants have 'brain-like command centers' at their root tips." This __11__ makes sense if yon simplify the workings of a complex brain, __12__ it to an array of electrical pulses; cells in plants also communicate through electrical signals. __13__, the signaling in a plant is only __14__ similar to the firing in a complex animal brain, which is more than "a mass of cells that communicate by electricity." Taiz said. "For consciousness to evolve, a brain with a threshold __15__ of complexity and capacity is required," he __16__. "Since plants don't have nervous systems, the __17__ that they have consciousness are effectively zero." And what's so great about consciousness, anyway? Plants can't run away from __18__,so investing energy in a body system which __19__ a threat and can feel pain would be a very __20__ evolutionary strategy, according to the article.
1. A. coined (was coined around the notion that)
2. C. compared (could be compared to intelligence in)
3. D. Though (Though plants lack brains)
4. C. hinted at (that hinted at consciousness)
5. D. differs (but it differs so greatly from)
6. B. evidence (so-called evidence of plants')
7. C. argued (some scientists have argued that)
8. B. forming (forming “a plant nervous system)
9. A. analogous (analogous to that in animals)
10. D. even (They even claimed that plants)
11. C. perspective (This perspective makes sense if)
12. B. reducing (reducing it to an array of electrical)
13. A. However (However, the signaling in a plant)
14. C. superficially (is only superficially similar to)
15. B. level (with a threshold level of complexity)
16. D. added (capacity is required,” he added.)
17. A. chances (the chances that they have conscious)
18. A. danger (Plants can’t run away from danger)
19. D. recognizes (which recognizes a threat)
20. B. poor (a very poor evolutionary strategy
Part A Text 1
(People often complain that plastics are too durable.)
21. According to Paragraph 1, museums are faced with
A. maintaining their plastic items
22. Van Oosten believes that certain plastic objects are
B. improperly shaped
23. Museums stopped exhibiting some of Gilardi's
D. prevent them from further damage
24. The author thinks that preservation of plastics is
25. In Ferreira's opinion, preservation of plastic artifacts
B. has profound historical significance
Part A Text2
(As the latest crop of students pen their undergraduate)
26. The author suggests that Generation Z should
C. reassess the necessity of college education
27. The percentage of UK graduates in non-graduate
B. the shrinking value of a degree
28. The author considers it a good sign that.
C. employers are taking a realistic attitude to
29. It is advised in Paragraph 5 that those with one
D. further their studies in a specific field
30. What can be concluded about Generation Z from the
last two paragraphs?
A. Lifelong learning will define them.
Part A Text3
(Enlightening, challenging, stimulating, fun.)
31. According to paragraph 1, art-science collaborations
B. received favorable responses
32. The reworked version of The Four Seasons is
mentioned to show that.
A. art can offer audiences easy access to science
33. Some artists seem to worry about in the art-science
A. their role may be underestimated
34. What does the author say about CAVS?
B. It exemplified valuable art-science alliances.
35. In the last paragraph, the author holds that
C. should do more than communicating science
Part A Text 4
(The personal grievance provisions of New Zealand's
36. The personal grievance provisions of the ERA are
D. protect the rights of ordinary workers
37. It can be learned from paragraph 3 that the provisions
A. hinder business development
38. Which of the following measures would be the
Productivity Commission support?
D. Dismissing poorly performing managers.
39. What might be an effect of ERA'S unjustified dismissal
B. Employees suffer from salary cuts.
40. It can be inferred that the “high-income threshold" in
C. is beneficial to business owners
41. [F] Zoos should have been closed down as they
prioritize money making over animals' wellbeing.
(段落首句：Teri Byrd: I was a zoo and wildlife park
42. [C] While animals in captivity deserve sympathy, zoos
play a significant role in starting young people down
the path of related sciences.
(段落首句：Karen R. Sime: As a zoology professor, I
43. [A] Zoos which spare no effort to take care of animals
should not be subjected to unfair criticism.
(段落首句：Gerg Newberry: Emma Marris' articles is
44. [D] Zoos save people trips to wilderness areas and
thus contribute to wildlife conservation.
(段落首句：Dean Galles: As a fellow environmentalist
45. [G] Marris distorts our findings which actually prove
that zoos serve as an indispensable link between
man and nature.
(段落首句：John Fraser: Emma Marris selectively
describes and misrepresents...)
46. It was also, and this is unknown even to many people
well read about the period, a battle between those
who made codes and those who broke them.
47. It listed many documents in code that had been
captured from the French army of Spain, and whose
scerets had been revealed by the work of one
George Scoveil, an officer in British headquarters.
48. he could not analyze carefully what this obscure
officer may or may not have contributed to that great
struggle between nations or indeed tell us anything
much about the man himself.
49. There may have been many spies and intelligence
officers during the Napoleonic Wars, but it is usually
extremely difficult to find the material they actually
provided or worked on.
50. Just as the code breaking has its wider relevance in
the struggle for Spain, so his attempts to make his
way up the promotion ladder speak volumes about
Write an e-mail to a professor at a British university,
inviting him/him to organize a team for international
innovation contest to be held at your university.
You should write about 100 words on the ANSWER
Do not use your own name in the email; use “Li
Ming" instead. (10 points)
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the
pictures below. In your essay, you should
1) describe the pictures briefly,
2) interpret the implied meaning, and
3) give your comments.
Write your answer on the ANSWER SHEET. (20
Section I Use of English
Section II Reading Comprehension
Section III Translation
Although we try our best, sometimes our paintings rarely tun out as originally planned. Changes in the 1ight, the limitations of your painting materials, and the lack of experience and technique mean that what you start out trying to achieve may not come to 1ife the way that you expected.
Section IV Writing
47. Directions :
Suppose you are planning a campus food festival. Write an e-mail to the
international students in your university to
1) introduce the food festival, and
2) invite them to participate.
You should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not use your own name in the email. Use Li Ming" instead. (10points)
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1)interpret the chart,
2) give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)